Home > GM Foods in the News > Pressures of GM Farming: Suicide Myths

Pressures of GM Farming: Suicide Myths

By: Ian Murnaghan BSc (hons), MSc - Updated: 31 Aug 2012 | comments*Discuss
 
Gm Genetically Modified Crops Farmers

Genetically modified (GM) foods have received a lot of media attention but perhaps the most shocking story was the alleged suicides that were reported to result from GM farming. Stories of poor farmers in India that were pushed to suicide because of pressures related to growing GM cotton were abundant for some time in the media.

Myths and Truth

A recent review of the allegations, however, has finally put the claims to rest. In reality, suicides among farmers have actually been reduced since the introduction of GM cotton. There are a number of groups who are against GM foods. Two main ones based in New Dheli had fought against GM cotton for many years.

Accusations from Anti-GM Groups

One group in particular cited that GM crops did not live up to the hype. Instead, it was argued that their introduction was disastrous and that the GM crops had performed very poorly.

On top of that, they also argued that the expense of GM foods – GM seeds are typically around forty percent more expensive than their traditional counterparts – led to enormous debts for farmers. When poor performance was factored in, the farmers supposedly were driven to suicide.

British Statements

Unfortunately, the arguments of these two groups were intensified when a high-ranking public figure in Britain spoke of the tragedy of farmer suicides occurring in India, which he said were a partial result of the poor performance of GM crops.

Maintaining Perspective in the Controversy

One issue was that there had been some significant droughts occurring in India, which had led to the failure of conventional cotton as well as poorer performance from GM cotton. A dodgy market for sales of GM seeds also meant that some farmers had paid top price for fake GM seeds.

In terms of the figures themselves, suicide rates in India have actually been falling since 2002. Some people believe that the overall efficiency of GM crops is responsible for this figure. One report states that for the suicides that do occur in farmers, the main issue is that the government does not provide adequate support to the farmers, both financially and in terms of appropriate training.

Finding a Way Out

When farmers do need to obtain funding for their farms, they have to turn to institutions that lend the money but charge extremely high interest rates. Those farmers who do commit suicide may feel it's the only way to escape all of their challenges.

The Transition to GM Crops

Most people will agree that when GM cotton was introduced, it was not a success at first but this was due to factors such as drought and a lack of proper training for the farmers. Since then, however, it is deemed to be a success and the farmer suicide rates have continued to decline.

GM foods are indeed a controversial subject, which has led to many myths and incorrect claims. It isn't to say that there are not supportive facts against GM crops but with regards to the purported story that GM crops have caused an increase in farmer suicides – it's simply not true.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

Title:
(never shown)
Firstname:
(never shown)
Surname:
(never shown)
Email:
(never shown)
Nickname:
(shown)
Comment:
Validate:
Enter word:
Topics
Latest Comments
  • achakar andrew
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    My ethical concern is equity between those who use GMOs and those using organic .can those who use gmos be better than others who…
    9 April 2019
  • Dr.Farncer
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    I think GMOs are stupid we need to use what we have available and stop killing the human race
    14 March 2019
  • supiegy
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    loved it for school was amazing!!! but there not very ethical and are more environmental rather than ethical. but thx
    13 March 2019
  • sadfdfwe
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    There are a number of ethical concerns over genetically modified (GM) foods and these have all affected public support of the…
    13 March 2019
  • big bouncing baby bo
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    what if gmos are actually gmod mods in disguise?!!?!?
    25 February 2019
  • Reverend Upp
    Re: Fact Sheet: Pros vs Cons
    GMO's are unsanctioned by our true god, the flying spaghetti monster! Truly unblessed
    20 February 2019
  • LuiG97
    Re: Short-term Effects of GM Foods
    Shanqueesha, you must be real autistic or something. You are part of the 70%ish people who think GMOs are bad to the people. You…
    26 November 2018
  • DEFINITELY NOT JOEY
    Re: Making Crops More Resilient
    Hi my name is not Joey Sager and I would love to tell you how much I love (hate) this website :)
    1 November 2018
  • N/A
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    Although the author does not have any Works Cited or Resources, he does have a valid point concerning GMOs. It is a relatively…
    23 October 2018
  • Rick and Morty
    Re: Ethical Concerns and GM Foods
    this site doesn't use any sources or researches or studies, non of this has any supporting point provided, just some person…
    22 August 2018